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Few, but noisy. The yellow vests celebrated on Saturday the first anniversary of the movement with very minor manifestations marked by violence. In Paris, acts of vandalism and altercations with the police lasted for a good part of the day at the place de l'Italie, in the south of the city, where some 3,000 people gathered. The prefect of the police suspended the march. The question is whether the protest in the street, which began on November 17, 2018 and has been reproduced every weekend, is terminated or if it can take a new momentum in coalition with other social movements.

The manifestation of the first year in Paris reflected the chaotic atmosphere that has surrounded the revolt from the beginning : the mixture of people with the yellow vest and others in black and hooded. The absence of motto or order service in the march. The destruction, among others to a monument to Marshal Juin, who joined De Gaulle during World War II to defeat Nazism. The throwing of stones and fires of cars and barricades, and the tear gas of law enforcement. There was not even a single march, but two, but the Champs Elysees, the scene of the most spectacular tumults, were safe. In the afternoon there were 103 detainees, and the riots had moved to the central district of Les Halles.

The commemorative day recorded the ability of the agitators to attract the media focus, but possibly the future of the yellow vests is played in their ability to converge with the multiple social unrest in Emmanuel Macron's France . From the strike in the urgencies of the hospitals to the student protests over precariousness, through the day of mobilizations that are prepared for December 5 against pension reform, there is a fundamental malaise, beyond the yellow vests , in broad sectors of society.

The event led to more yellow vests than usual to go out: 4,700 in Paris and 28,000 throughout France, according to figures from the Ministry of Interior, much less than the 280,000 of an exact year ago . It also allowed to observe the change of movement skin: on the one hand, more dominated by the presence of the violent black block , and on the other, more inclined to the left. "I am from the left, but from the extreme left, not the left caviar," said Jean-Baptiste Reddé at the Place d'Italie , who introduces himself as an activist and poet, and carries the prescriptive fluorescent garment and a banner that on the one hand says "Paris supports the Hong Kong revolution", and on the other "Macron get out".

One of the foundational figures, Jacline Mouraud , who rose to fame with a message on Facebook that was key in the initial mobilizations, cut ties since December 1, when there was the first outbreak of violence. “At the beginning it was an adhesion movement. Now it is a detestating movement, ”says Mouraud by phone from Brittany, where he lives. “It was a fiscal revolt movement: we could not fill the car tank. Now the goal is the RIC, ”he adds. Mouraud refers to the acronym of the citizen initiative referendum, one of the central claims of the yellow vests , which would allow the adoption of laws by popular initiative and endorse them at the polls.

In Place d'Italie, protecting himself from tear gas, was one of the RIC ideologues, Étienne Chouard, a retired professor who became known in 2005 as an opponent of the EU Constitution project and today inspires vest yellow with their proposals to organize referendums by citizens and not by political institutions. “The RIC is the essential idea of yellow vests and is valid for the whole world. It is an institution of democracy in a regime that is not, ”he argued in a café in the square where some protesters have taken refuge.

Chouard, who identifies himself as an anarchist, and lefts, is a controversial figure in France. He has received criticism for his alleged affinity with far-right intellectual Alain Soral, which he denies, or for declaring, a few months ago on television, his ignorance about the existence of gas chambers. Now he says he studied the subject, admits he was wrong and regrets it. "It is not criminal to be ignorant," he said referring to himself when making those statements. “I am not a bastard, the horrible person described in the newspapers, I am kind. The idea that I defend is that of anti-fascism, ”he defended himself, while the barricades were burned and the view is clouded by gases.

https://elpais.com/internacional/2019/11/16/actualidad/1573911824_960289.html

Few, but noisy. The yellow vests celebrated on Saturday the first anniversary of the movement with very minor manifestations marked by violence. In Paris, acts of vandalism and altercations with the police lasted for a good part of the day at the place de l'Italie, in the south of the city, where some 3,000 people gathered. The prefect of the police suspended the march. The question is whether the protest in the street, which began on November 17, 2018 and has been reproduced every weekend, is terminated or if it can take a new momentum in coalition with other social movements. The manifestation of the first year in Paris reflected the chaotic atmosphere that has surrounded the revolt from the beginning : the mixture of people with the yellow vest and others in black and hooded. The absence of motto or order service in the march. The destruction, among others to a monument to Marshal Juin, who joined De Gaulle during World War II to defeat Nazism. The throwing of stones and fires of cars and barricades, and the tear gas of law enforcement. There was not even a single march, but two, but the Champs Elysees, the scene of the most spectacular tumults, were safe. In the afternoon there were 103 detainees, and the riots had moved to the central district of Les Halles. The commemorative day recorded the ability of the agitators to attract the media focus, but possibly the future of the yellow vests is played in their ability to converge with the multiple social unrest in Emmanuel Macron's France . From the strike in the urgencies of the hospitals to the student protests over precariousness, through the day of mobilizations that are prepared for December 5 against pension reform, there is a fundamental malaise, beyond the yellow vests , in broad sectors of society. The event led to more yellow vests than usual to go out: 4,700 in Paris and 28,000 throughout France, according to figures from the Ministry of Interior, much less than the 280,000 of an exact year ago . It also allowed to observe the change of movement skin: on the one hand, more dominated by the presence of the violent black block , and on the other, more inclined to the left. "I am from the left, but from the extreme left, not the left caviar," said Jean-Baptiste Reddé at the Place d'Italie , who introduces himself as an activist and poet, and carries the prescriptive fluorescent garment and a banner that on the one hand says "Paris supports the Hong Kong revolution", and on the other "Macron get out". One of the foundational figures, Jacline Mouraud , who rose to fame with a message on Facebook that was key in the initial mobilizations, cut ties since December 1, when there was the first outbreak of violence. “At the beginning it was an adhesion movement. Now it is a detestating movement, ”says Mouraud by phone from Brittany, where he lives. “It was a fiscal revolt movement: we could not fill the car tank. Now the goal is the RIC, ”he adds. Mouraud refers to the acronym of the citizen initiative referendum, one of the central claims of the yellow vests , which would allow the adoption of laws by popular initiative and endorse them at the polls. In Place d'Italie, protecting himself from tear gas, was one of the RIC ideologues, Étienne Chouard, a retired professor who became known in 2005 as an opponent of the EU Constitution project and today inspires vest yellow with their proposals to organize referendums by citizens and not by political institutions. “The RIC is the essential idea of yellow vests and is valid for the whole world. It is an institution of democracy in a regime that is not, ”he argued in a café in the square where some protesters have taken refuge. Chouard, who identifies himself as an anarchist, and lefts, is a controversial figure in France. He has received criticism for his alleged affinity with far-right intellectual Alain Soral, which he denies, or for declaring, a few months ago on television, his ignorance about the existence of gas chambers. Now he says he studied the subject, admits he was wrong and regrets it. "It is not criminal to be ignorant," he said referring to himself when making those statements. “I am not a bastard, the horrible person described in the newspapers, I am kind. The idea that I defend is that of anti-fascism, ”he defended himself, while the barricades were burned and the view is clouded by gases. https://elpais.com/internacional/2019/11/16/actualidad/1573911824_960289.html

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